Category: Uncategorized

22 million trees planted in Scotland to help meet ‘global climate emergency’

More than 22 million trees were planted in Scotland last year in what has been described as a  “critical contribution to the global climate emergency”.

“In Scotland alone, around 9.5 million tonnes of CO2 each year are removed from the atmosphere by our forests – this is a clear example of why an increase in tree planting is so important in the fight against climate change.” More…

Scope of the Forest Strategy for Aotearoa

As part of an Environmental Workshop hosted by Te Uru Rākau, this picture was created to give an idea of the elements involved in New Zealand’s Forestry Strategy.

Update on 1 billion trees programme

According to Ministers Shane Jones and Damien O’Connor, the 1 Billion Trees programme is aimed at farmers, with a target of two-thirds natives and the remainder plantation. Farmers could tap into $240 million in grants but there had not been a big uptake.  

“I’ve been puzzled over why they have  been so slow to come forward. These are grants, not loans, and there’s another $117m for partnership schemes,” Jones said.

The Government would pay $1500 per hectare of pine forest planted, $1800 per hectare of Manuka trees and $4000 per hectare of mixed native trees.

More at Stuff and the NZ Herald.

Dairy farmers’ planting obsession

Dairy farmers Mark and Jennifer McDonald began planting native trees on their Methven property in 2009, and now bird life is returning and water quality has improved, Mark says. More in this piece from RNZ.

Māori land use statistics

Mount Hikurangi near Ruatoria in New Zealand

Te whakamahinga whenua

Neke atu i te haurua o ngā whenua e whakahaeretia ana e ngā pāmu Māori he pārae otaota i te tau 2018 (51 ōrau, tōna 228,000 heketea).Ko tōna hauwhā he ngahere paina (23 ōrau, tōna 104,000 heketea). Ko te toenga he puihi, he mānuka me ētahi atu whenua.

Tērā hoki tōna whenua iti i te mahi whakatupu kai, 1 ōrau, arā, 3,420 heketea, engari 30 ōrau te pikinga ake o tēnei mai i te 2,668 heketea i 2017.

Ko te maha o ngā whenua e whakahaeretia ana e ngā pāmu Māori, kei te 445,000 heketea, kāore he tino rerekētanga mai i 2016.

https://www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/tatauranga-umanga-maori-statistics-on-maori-businesses-201718

Land use

More than half of the land managed by Māori farms was grassland in 2018 (51 percent or about 228,000 hectares). About a quarter was in forest plantation (23 percent or about 104,000 hectares). The balance was in bush, scrub, and other land.

There was a relatively small amount of land in horticulture, 1 percent or 3,420 hectares, but this was up 30 percent from 2,668 hectares in 2017.

The total amount of land managed by Māori farms was about 445,000 hectares, mostly unchanged since 2016.

Carbon farming can provide better returns than sheep and beef

Farmers on a 800 ha hill country farm near Shannon find “carbon farming” more profitable than sheep farming. The farmers aim to return the whole property to natives and in the meantime are carbon farming exotic species to fund the transition.

A recent report from Rabobank shows the returns from carbon farming can be better than from traditional sheep and beef agriculture. Check out the article at https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/farming/112416878/carbon-farming-can-provide-better-returns-than-sheep-and-beef

Seeing the forest

All pathways to net zero carbon by 2050 depend on planting more trees. But does the type of tree make a difference and what role can natives play in the Government’s One Billion Tree Programme?

This article from the Otago Daily Times looks at the possibilities in an easy to understand manner.
https://www.odt.co.nz/lifestyle/resilient/seeing-forest

Tipu ma toro ki te ao

He hui mo nga kaupapa tieki whenua o te Tairawhiti. 8-9 Noema 2018, Ngata Memorial College, Ruatorea.

Do we have erosion prone areas and what are our treatment options? Are we resilient to climate change? Is our landuse carbon zero? What is the quality of our water? Can we drink it? Swim in it? Do we have sufficient water supply in a drought? Do we support local livelihoods? Might our land-use decisions protect or impact on infrastructure? What emerging industries do we want to be a part of? Are our governance and management arrangements ready for opportunities? What are innovative ways that we return real benefits to our owners?

On 8 November 2018, we were part of a hui for kaitiaki and landowners in Te Tairawhiti. It was designed to promote, share and learn about integrated sustainable landuse and decision-making tools and approaches. “Like the forest” this hui promoted land-use cover and a collaborative and co-operative approach to better understanding the risks and optimising the benefits of our governance (including management) arrangements and chosen land-use/s.

We hope the hui provided further direction to landowners at or prior to making land-use changes (e.g post-harvest exotic forestry) and helped identify how other landowners have approached their aspirations-led development.

The presentation on native forests and the Emissions Trading Scheme, including understanding the carbon economy, eligibility of land, signing up to the ETS and claiming and selling carbon from this hui is now available here.

Carbon Farming Native Trees

The future of East Coast carbon farming has received a boost with a three-year research project beginning this year to identify the opportunities and barriers for reforesting Māori land.

Ruatoria charitable company Hikurangi Enterprises, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research Trust and Victoria University of Wellington will work together on the project, which received a $375,000 grant from the Ministry for Primary Industries’ Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Research Programme.

Hikurangi Enterprises managing director Panapa Ehau said the 2016 international Paris Agreement on climate change, which had caused carbon prices to increase, and the burgeoning mānuka honey industry, provided opportunities to earn an income off native trees.

“Converting Māori land to native forest and carbon farming is a serious business opportunity worthy of study.”

The company had already been working with Māori landowners on the East Coast to identify alternative land use options to the status quo of farming and forestry, such as growing hemp and developing kānuka extracts.

Carbon farming was another viable opportunity, and had multiple potential benefits.

“Converting some Māori land to native forest carbon farming can offer financial benefits as well as environmental and cultural benefits for landowners and carbon emitters alike.”

Nuhiti Q, a 1000ha sheep and cattle farm near Tokomaru Bay, offered an example, he said.