Great long read from RNZ: When arguing for pines over natives, or crafting government policy to encourage forestry investment, carbon storage cannot be the only focus, Dame Anne says. “If we’re thinking about the crisis that we’re facing at the moment, it’s not just climate change. It’s waterways’ degradation, it’s degradation of the ocean, it’s biodiversity losses. Those are at least as threatening to human survival, collectively … and in the short term, as well as the long term, it makes no sense to tackle one of those crises in a way that makes the others worse.”
Farmers Weekly interviewed Pia Pohatu about the Waro Project.
A research project on the North Island’s east coast is helping Maori land owners balance the complexities of the Emissions Trading Scheme and establishing native forests with multiple land ownership.
Hikurangi Enterprises researcher Pia Pohatu at Ruatoria has spent three years working with Motu Research scoping Maori landowners’ interest in carbon farming and native forest regeneration. More…
Over the last three years researchers at Motu Economic and Public Policy Research have worked with Hikurangi Enterprises Ltd to scope Māori landowner interest in native forest regeneration and carbon farming.
“With the introduction of the One Billion Trees programme, the mānuka honey industry taking off, and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change causing carbon prices to increase, earning an income from planting native trees or letting existing pasture regenerate into native bush is getting easier and more lucrative,” said John McDermott, Executive Director of Motu. “It’s not all about pine.”
John is one of the key people working on the Waro Project alongside Pia Pohatu (Ngāti Porou, Rongowhakaata, Ngai Tamanuhiri), a researcher from Hikurangi Enterprises Ltd.
“Establishing native forests through new plantings or regeneration resonates well with Māori landowners as they seek to balance multi-dimensional considerations they give effect to as kaitieki,” said Pia Pohatu.
“Our research is showing that climate change and the ETS are complex systems to understand. The notion and potential of earning an income for carbon farming is not a key driver in their land-use diversification decisions. At best, this is currently perceived as a bonus,” said Pia Pohatu.
The Waro Project (waro means carbon in Te Reo Māori) partners with Māori landowners interested in new native forest or allowing native bush to regenerate on their land. It aims to better understand their decision-making process and how they have navigated through challenges and opportunities experienced in establishing their land-cover aspirations and advancing towards being carbon farmers.
Carbon farming includes any land use in which landowners receive economic benefits from carbon sequestration. Sequestration involves using trees, which ‘breathe in’ carbon dioxide (CO2), to capture and store CO2, lessening the potent greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.
“Climate change is more likely to be associated in Te Tairāwhiti with the impact of severe weather events, flooding and erosion as opposed to trying to mitigate the pollution from industry,” said Pia Pohatu.
“The Waro Project focuses mainly on climate change mitigation, but carbon farming can also play a role in increasing biodiversity, and securing erosion-prone land,” said John McDermott.
“Māori landowners consider land-cover (with a preference for planting native species) a strategic approach towards strengthening climate resilience. Land-cover also includes co-benefits such as improved water quality and restoring rongoa and other customary resources,” said Pia Pohatu.
“As long as ETS-eligibility requirements are met and maintained, then carbon farming can be an additional income stream for landowners,” said Pia Pohatu.
Nikki Searancke is the Chairperson of Nuhiti Q, a Māori Incorporation north of Tolaga Bay. Nuhiti Q is one of the case studies used by the Waro Project in investigating carbon farming on Māori land.
“Nuhiti is a 2000 ha Maori Land Trust with 3500 breeding ewes and 220 breeding cattle and now carbon farming with permanent native and eucalyptus on 600 ha. Before the ETS and carbon farming we were subjected to the vagaries of the lamb and beef market. Now we have an annual income from the ETS NZU’s of $100,000 plus,” said Nikki Searancke.
Carbon farming from native forest can also compliment sustainable harvest or permanent forest options. Liability and risk can be managed through a range of emitter contract arrangements including a carbon lease option.
“Whatever the needs or aspirations of landowners, there is scope for carbon farming from native forest to compliment and improve their current land use. Not to mention that it will also help achieve any aspirations for restoration and resilience in the future,” said Pia Pohatu.
As part of the project, a website has been created to give advice for owners of Māori land thinking about becoming carbon farmers.
The project is supported by the Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Research Programme (SLMACC) funded by the Ministry for Primary Industries. A Motu Note on Māori land owners’ decision-making processes around native forest regeneration and two Motu Working Papers, Carbon farming on Māori land: insights on the decision-making process and Contracts for native forest carbon: perspectives from large-scale emitters are complete.
The project ends in June 2020.
The Government’s billion trees programme could offer an educational opportunity for New Zealanders. And the Waitaki Community Gardens Trust wants to launch a project that shows how, reports the Otago Daily Times…
As local councils respond to the effects of climate change, they’ll need to properly consider Māori interests, new research warns. Treaty breaches and litigation will follow if they don’t. Carmen Parahi reports in Stuff.
As at June 30, 2019, of the 81 grants approved by the One Billion Trees Fund, 61 included native plantings representing around 1.65 million trees – currently around 36 percent of the trees approved. The Fund also provides funding for fencing to support regeneration. We’ll continue monitoring the split between planting exotics and natives. More
More than 22 million trees were planted in Scotland last year in what has been described as a “critical contribution to the global climate emergency”.
“In Scotland alone, around 9.5 million tonnes of CO2 each year are removed from the atmosphere by our forests – this is a clear example of why an increase in tree planting is so important in the fight against climate change.” More…
As part of an Environmental Workshop hosted by Te Uru Rākau, this picture was created to give an idea of the elements involved in New Zealand’s Forestry Strategy.
According to Ministers Shane Jones and Damien O’Connor, the 1 Billion Trees programme is aimed at farmers, with a target of two-thirds natives and the remainder plantation. Farmers could tap into $240 million in grants but there had not been a big uptake.
“I’ve been puzzled over why they have been so slow to come forward. These are grants, not loans, and there’s another $117m for partnership schemes,” Jones said.
The Government would pay $1500 per hectare of pine forest planted, $1800 per hectare of Manuka trees and $4000 per hectare of mixed native trees.
Dairy farmers Mark and Jennifer McDonald began planting native trees on their Methven property in 2009, and now bird life is returning and water quality has improved, Mark says. More in this piece from RNZ.